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Viral Infections in Childhood: Bronchiolitis


Bronchiolitis : Inflammation of the bronchioles. [1]

Bronchiolitis, Viral : An acute inflammatory disease of the upper respiratory tract, caused by paramyxoviruses, occurring primarily in infants and young children; the viruses most commonly implicated are parainfluenza type 3 and respiratory syncytial virus. [1]

Parainfluenza Virus 3, Human : A species of PARAMYXOVIRUS frequently isolated from small children with pharyngitis, bronchitis, and pneumonia. [1]

Rhinovirus : A genus of PICORNAVIRIDAE inhabiting primarily the respiratory tract of mammalian hosts. It includes the human strains associated with common colds. [1]

Mycoplasma pneumoniae : Short filamentous organism of the genus Mycoplasma, which binds firmly to the cells of the respiratory epithelium. It is one of the etiologic agents of non-viral primary atypical pneumonia in man. [1]

[1] MeSH 2001 © National Library of Medicine

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