Introduction     Reproduction     Pregnancy     During Pregnancy
    Birth     Postnatal     Childhood Illness     Glossary A-Z

   Childhood Illness
 Bacteria
 Virus
 Cancer
 Gastrointestinal
 Nutritional
 Metabolism
 Hormonal
 Musculoskeletal
 Ear, Nose & Throat
 Eye Disorders
 Mental Health
 Disclaimer
 
Musculoskeletal Disorders: Osteochondroses

The osteochondroses, also called Epiphyseal Ischemic Necrosis , are a relatively common group of orthopaedic disorders of children, which are poorly understood. In an osteochondrosis the epiphysis (growing end) of a bone dies and then is gradually replaced over a period of years, resulting in abnormal bone growth and deformity. The immediate cause of bone death is loss of blood supply, but why this occurs remains unclear.

Different diseases affect different bones:

  • Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (capital femoral epiphysis). The most common osteochondrosis, which occurs in the head of the thighbone. It occurs in youngsters between the ages of three and 13 and is much more frequent in boys than in girls. Persistent pain is the most prominent symptom. Uncorrected severe lesions lead to arrest of growth, deformity, and arthritic changes in the hip joint.
  • Shinbone , Osgood-Schlatter disease .
  • Spine , Scheuermann's disease .
  • Köhler's bone disease is a rare form of inflammation of bone and cartilage affecting the navicular bone (one of the small bones in the foot). The disease affects children, most commonly boys, between the ages of 3 and 5 years.

The information in this page is presented in summarised form and has been taken from the following source(s):
1. The Encycloædia Britannica© Online: http://www.britannica.com/


Other HON resources 
   From MedHunt
    (websites)


Osteochondroses
Legg-Calve-Perthes Syndrome
Coxa plana
Epiphysis
Köhler's Bone
    From HONselect
     (def;articles & more)   

Osteochondritis:
(www.med.harvard.edu)
Harvard Medical School, Joint Program in Nuclear Medicine

Legg-Perthes Disease

    Recent articles
       from
Medline

Osteochondritis
Legg-Perthes Disease
 

Home

About us

Site map

Search

HONewsletter

© HON

Contact

 

  http://www.hon.ch/Dossier/MotherChild/child_musculoskeletal/muscoskel_osteochondroses.html Last modified: Jun 25 2002