|Procedure: Endometrial Biopsy|
Description and Purpose
An endometrial, or uterine biopsy , is where
a sample of
tissue is removed for examination by a pathologist and is undertaken for
the following reasons:
- To diagnose the cause of vaginal bleeding, especially in women over
35 who have a family history of endometrial cancer.
- To help determine the cause of infertility. The endometrial lining
provides information about
and hormone activity, which can be useful in determining the cause of
- To check for any cancerous or precancerous changes in women who are
Preparation and Procedure
A local anaesthetic or a mild painkiller is usually given before the
procedure and a local anaesthetic will then be injected into the .
A catheter is inserted into the .
The other end of the tube is attached to a vacuum. Suction is then used
to remove a sample of endometrial tissue. The sample is then analysed
for any cancerous or precancerous changes and possibly tested for the
presence of hormones.
The information in this page is presented in summarised form and has been taken
from the following source(s):
The Yale University School of Medicine Patient's Guide to
Medical Tests, Barry L. Zaret M.D., Senior Editor, published by Houghton Mifflin.
(def;articles & more)