|Procedure: Rotation and Extraction of the Foetus|
The rotation of a baby can take place either before birth ( ) or during .
In the case of rotation during delivery, the use of a forceps and
vacuum extractor is generally necessary. This happens when the
of the foetus has not been noticed until ,
or the mother is no longer be able to push because of anaesthesia or fatigue.
The doctor generally administers a and performs an
before using these instruments.
Forceps are large, curved metal instruments
which are inserted into the vagina, on either side of the baby's head.
The physician then locks the forceps together and starts to move and extract
the baby. While the forceps might bruise the infant's soft head and facial
tissue, they can also protect a premature baby's head from pressure in
the birth canal. Any damage caused to the babies' head and face by the
forceps usually clears up rapidly after birth.
The vacuum extractor is a caplike device
which is attached to the baby's head. With the suction cup fitting over
part of the baby's head, the physician can ease the baby through the birth
canal. This instrument has the advantage of causing less trauma to the
mother's bladder and vagina and lowers the risk of episiotomy. Sometimes
a vacuum extractor might cause a baby's skull to swell or cause a lump
on the skull.
The information in this page is presented in summarised form and has been taken
from the following source(s):
Bayfront's Health Adventure, A Woman's Way to Health: http://www.bayfront.org/