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Vaginitis is a medical term that is used to refer to any infection or
inflammation of the vagina, characterised by
discharge, odor, irritation, and/or itching.
Types of Vaginitis
infection or vulvovaginal candidiasis is a
common cause of vaginal irritation. Doctors
estimate that approximately 75 percent of all
women will experience at least one
symptomatic yeast infection during their
lifetimes. Yeast are always present in the
vagina in small numbers, and symptoms only
appear with overgrowth. Several factors are
associated with increased symptomatic
infection in women, including pregnancy ,
uncontrolled diabetes mellitus , and the use
of oral contraceptives or antibiotics. Other
factors that may increase the incidence of
yeast infection include using douches,
perfumed feminine hygiene sprays, and topical
antimicrobial agents, and wearing tight,
poorly ventilated clothing and underwear.
Whether or not yeast can be transmitted
sexually is unknown. Because almost all women
have the organism in the vagina, it has been
difficult for researchers to study this
aspect of the natural history.
vaginosis (BV) is the most common cause of
vaginitis symptoms among women of
childbearing age. Previously called
nonspecific vaginitis or Gardnerella -associated
vaginitis, BV is associated with sexual
activity. BV reflects a change in the vaginal
ecosystem. This imbalance, including pH
changes, occurs when different types of
bacteria outnumber the normal ones.
Trichomoniasis, is a common Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) caused
by a single-celled protozoan parasite called Trichomonas
vaginalis . Trichomoniasis is primarily an infection of the urogenital
tract. The urethra is the most common site of infection in men, while
the vagina is the most common site of infection in women.
Symptoms and Signs
Trichomoniasis, like many other STDs, often occurs without any symptoms. When symptoms occur, they usually appear within 4 to 20 days of exposure although symptoms can appear years after infection. The symptoms in women include a heavy, yellow-green or grey vaginal discharge, discomfort during intercourse, vaginal odour, and painful urination. Irritation and itching of the genital area, and on rare occasions, lower abdominal pain also can be present. [ 2 ]
Diagnosis and Treatment
Although symptoms of trichomoniasis in men may disappear within a few weeks without treatment, men can transmit the disease to their sex partners even when symptoms are not present. Therefore, it is preferable to treat both partners to eliminate the parasite. Metronidazole is the drug used to treat trichomoniasis. It is administered in a single dose.
The information in this page is presented in summarised form and has been taken
from the following source(s):
|http://www.hon.ch/Dossier/MotherChild/gynae_problems/vaginitis.html||Last modified: Jun 25 2002|